OHA RELATED STRATEGIC PRIORITY

Ea, Governance: To restore pono and ea, Native Hawaiians will achieve self-governance, after which the assets of OHA will be transferred to the new governing entity. Learn more about the work we do at the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to create systemic change in Ea, Governance.

BACKGROUND

Hānau ka 'āina, hānau ke aliʻi, hānau ke kanaka, Born was the land, born were the chiefs, born were the Hawaiian people. The ÿäina is a fundamental part of every Hawaiian genealogy. It is the foundation on which Native Hawaiians stand, on the shoulders of their ancestors for the benefit of their descendents (Pukui, 1983). OHA’s primary funding are revenues derived from the public land trust. These revenues could fluctuate if lands are sold, or if laws are changed. Once the new Native Hawaiian Governing Entity is implemented negotiations will begin. A transition Plan will be developed and implemented to transfer all of OHA’s assets to the new Native Hawaiian Governing Entity. These assets include land holdings, as well as revenues derived from the state of Hawai’i’s public land trust make up part of a viable land base necessary for the new Native Hawaiian governing entity.

The state’s public land trust made up of former Crown and Government lands will be a primary focus for negotiations. The question of revenues owed and control of these lands will become the land base for the new Native Hawaiian Governing Entity. The lands that are acquired during these negotiations need to be a balanced mix of socially, politically and culturally important lands as well as revenue producing lands. In order to facilitate the best possible outcomes during these negotiations OHA will increase the percentage of all Hawaii residents who not only value Hawaii’s history and culture but also understand and agree that a viable land base is necessary for the new Native Hawaiian governing entity.

In 1999 the Office of Hawaiian Affairs conducted a Public Opinion Survey which asked "What are the most important issues facing Hawaiians today". Those surveyed had eleven categories to choose from, Land Rights, Education, Unity, Other, Don’t Know, Sovereignty, Health, Housing, Employment, Economy, and Cultural Preservation. 26.1% of Native Hawaiians polled believed that "Land Rights" are the most important issues facing Hawaiians today. The majority of Non-Hawaiians polled agreed, 23.2 % also ranked "Land rights" as the most important issue facing Hawaiians today.

OHA BASELINE TARGET - Increasing a Viable Land Base

Land Rights as the Most Important Issue Facing Native Hawaiians Today (1999)

State of Hawaiʻi Population by Race/Ethnicity: 2011

TERMS

Hawaiʻi resident: Population of those persons "usually resident" in the State of Hawaiÿi.

Viable land base: A foundation of land, cable of sustaining the social, political and economic growth, and development of its inhabitants.

Native Hawaiian Governing Entity: Means the governing entity organized by the Native Hawaiian people pursuant to act H. R. 2314.

SOURCES

Pukui, M. K. (1983). 'Olelo No’eau Hawaiian Proverbs and Poetical Sayings. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.

Office of Hawaiian Affairs. (2010). 2010-2018 Strategic Plan of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs. Honolulu, HI: Office of Hawaiian Affairs.

REFERENCES

For more interesting data relating to Ea, Governance, please see the OHA Native Hawaiian Data Book.

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