OHA RELATED STRATEGIC PRIORITY

Hoʻonaʻauao, Education: To maximize choices of life and work, Native Hawaiians will gain knowledge and excel in educational opportunities at all levels. Learn more about the work we do at the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to create systemic change in Hoʻonaʻauao, Education.

BACKGROUND

The University of Hawaiʻi (UH) system is comprised of three universities, seven community colleges and nine education centers on six islands. Native Hawaiian students accounted for 24.2% of the total enrollment in the UH System in Fall 2012 (UH, 2013).

To evaluate progress on this strategic indicator the number of degrees and certificates earned by Native Hawaiian students was substituted for the number of Native Hawaiian students who earned a post-secondary degree or certificate. The baseline measure for this indicator is 1,209, the number of degrees and certificates earned by Native Hawaiians in FY2009. A 12% increase is equivalent to 1,354 degrees earned. Table 1 depicts number of degrees earned, while Figure 1 depicts the increase compared to the FY2009 baseline number of 1,209.

To evaluate progress on this strategic indicator the number of degrees and certificates earned by Native Hawaiian students was substituted for the number of Native Hawaiian students who earned a post-secondary degree or certificate. The baseline measure for this indicator is 1,209, the number of degrees and certificates earned by Native Hawaiians in FY2009. A 12% increase is equivalent to 1,354 degrees earned. Table 1 depicts number of degrees earned, while Figure 1 depicts the increase compared to the FY2009 baseline number of 1,209.

In 2013, degrees earned by Native Hawaiian students accounted for 1,968, a 62.8% cumulative increase over the FY2009 baseline.

Native Hawaiians earned a total of 9,291 degrees and certificates between 2010 and 2013.

Cumulative Increase in UH System Degrees and Certificates Earned: Native Hawaiian and All Students (FY2009-FY2014)

Number of Degrees and Certificates Earned by Native Hawaiian and All Students in the UH System (FY2009-FY2013)

Degrees earned by Native Hawaiian students in the UH 4-Year Institutions (FY2013)

University of Hawai'i System Degrees - Hawaiians Only

University of Hawai'i System Degrees - Hawaiians vs. Non-Hawaiians

OHA INVESTMENT IN THE COMMUNITY

In 2014, OHA provided $500,000 in post-secondary scholarships by working with Hawaii Community Foundation and Liko A'e. In one year, this funding supported 350 Native Hawaiian students enrolled in undergraduate or graduate degree programs, or vocational certificates.

Tuition Rates for UH Mänoa Students Seeking Undergraduate or Graduate Degrees

Tuition for undergraduate and graduate students claiming residency within the University of Hawaiʻi system has steadily risen for the past six years. Financial aid provided through the university system has also increased, from $4.8 million in 2005 to $22.9 million in 2011; more than $50 million is available to Native Hawaiians through additional scholarships and grants. However, a proposal allowing further increases through 2017 could potentially increase the cost of tuition by more than 250% as compared to its cost ten years ago.

Data shows that in individual’s average annual income increases with the acquisition of a graduate level degree. In 2008, the average income for a high school graduate was $33,800, whereas a bachelor degree recipient earned $55,700 (39% more than a high school graduate). A professional degree holder’s average annual income was $100,000. When calculated over the course of a forty-year career, a professional degree will earn about $4 million, which is over $2.6 million more than a high school graduate.

TERMS

Associate Degree (AA): A degree awarded after a two-year period of study; it can be either terminal or transfer (the first two years of a bachelor's degree) (U.S. Department of State, n.d.).

Bachelor’s Degree: A degree awarded upon completion of approximately four years of full-time study (U.S. Department of State, n.d.).

Certificate (of Achievement): A credential awarded to students who successfully complete designated CTE (Career & Technical Education) credit course sequences that provide entry-level skills or job upgrades (UHMC, n.d.).

Community College (CC): A post-secondary institution that offers associate degree programs, as well as technical and vocational programs (U.S. Department of State, n.d.).

Doctorate: The highest academic degree conferred by a university to students who have completed graduate study beyond the bachelor's and/or master's degree (U.S. Department of State, n.d.).

Education Center: Community center where students can take classes through the internet, video or cable TV technology to work toward their degree or continue their education (UH, 2012).

Master’s Degree: Degree awarded upon completion of academic requirements that usually include a minimum of one year's study beyond the bachelor's degree (U.S. Department of State, n.d.).

Native Hawaiian: Hawaiian Ancestry determined by the sum of students who self-reported Hawaiian ancestry on the UH System Application form and those who either did not answer the ancestry question or answered in the negative but who indicated Hawaiian ethnicity (UH, 2013a). In 2013, the UH Institutional Research and Analysis Office (IRO) changed their reporting design to include the ancestry question. They have updated previous reports to reflect this change.

Post-secondary (Higher) Education:Any adult education school, business school, trade school, community college, college or university enrolling or registering students above the age of compulsory school attendance (Hawaiʻi Revised Statutes §11-157-2).

SOURCES

Office of Hawaiian Affairs. (2010). 2010-2018 Strategic Plan of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs. Honolulu, HI: Office of Hawaiian Affairs.

UH, (2010); Kanaʻiaupuni, S.M., Malone, N., & Ishibashi, K. (2005). Ka Huakaʻi: 2005. Native Hawaiian Educational Assessment. Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools, Pauahi Publications.

Hawaiʻi Revised Statutes §11-157-2. U.S. Department of State. (n.d.). Education USA. Retrieved from http://www.educationusa.info/5_steps_to_study/resources_glossary.php#top

University of Hawaiʻi (UH). (n.d.) A Higher Education is Closer than You Think, University of Hawaiʻi Education Centers. Retrieved from http://www.hawaii.edu/offices/app/centers/UH_centers_brochure.pdf

University of Hawaiʻi Institutional Research and Analysis Office (UH IRO). (2014a). Enrollment Table 5; Selected Student Characteristics. Retrieved from https://www.hawaii.edu/institutionalresearch/enrReport.action?reportId=ENRT00

University of Hawaiʻi Institutional Research and Analysis Office (UH IRO). (2014b). Degrees Table 1; Degrees and Certificates Awarded by Gender. Retrieved from https://www.hawaii.edu/institutionalresearch/degreeReport.action?reportId=MAPS_DEG_TOC

University of Hawaiʻi Institutional Research and Analysis Office (UH IRO). (n.d.). Student Information Systems (SIMS) Definitions. Retrieved from http://www.hawaii.edu/iro/ simsdef.php

University of Hawaiʻi Maui College (UHMC). (n.d.) 2013-2014 General Catalog. Retrieved from http://maui.hawaii.edu/assets/PDF/UHMC_GEN_CAT_pg1-152WHOLE.pdf

OHA Research Disclaimer. The data presented have been vetted for accuracy; however, there is no warranty that it is error-free. The data itself does not represent or confer any legal rights of any kind. Please use suggested citation and report discrepancies to the OHA Research Division.

REFERENCES

OHA Education Indicator Sheet, Degrees Earned (2013)

For more interesting data relating to Hoʻonaʻauao, Education, please see the OHA Native Hawaiian Data Book.