Hoʻonaʻauao, Education: To maximize choices of life and work, Native Hawaiians will gain knowledge and excel in educational opportunities at all levels. Learn more about the work we do at the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to create systemic change in Hoʻonaʻauao, Education.

Between the baseline year of SY2009 and SY2013, there was an increase of 17%, from 32% to 49%.

In school year 2012 to 2013, 49% of Native Hawaiian students were proficient in Math, exceeding the OHA Strategic goal of 45%.

Percent of Native Hawaiian Students Who Tested Proficient in State HSA Math (SY2009-SY2013)

Math Proficiency

[HSA mathematics scores at or above proficient level, as a percentage of all public school students tested, by race/ethnicity, for selected grades, SY 2007–08 to SY 2011–12 (combined), Hawai‘i]


The Hawai’i Standard Assessment (HSA) in reading and math is administered to Department of Education (DOE) public (including Charter) school students in grades 3 - 8 and 10. Scores are categorized into four proficiency levels and then collapsed into two categories: Proficient (Exceeds, Meets); and Non Proficient (Approaches, Well-Below).

To support Native Hawaiian students improving their scores on these tests, OHA solicits proposals every biennium to provide services that increase the percent of Native Hawaiian students who meet or exceed math and reading standards. The target population for these services is Native Hawaiian middle and high school students attending Hawaiʻi Department of Education (HIDOE) schools. For the years 2014-2015, OHA is working with three community organizations to specifically provide services that improve reading testing scores.


After-Schools All-Stars, Boys & Girls Clubs of Maui, Goodwill Industries of Hawaii reach almost 1,000 middle school students by:

  • Developing and implementing initiatives that help increase proficiency in reading and math
  • Ensuring student service planning
  • Provide counseling, guidance, tutoring, and/or mentoring that assist youth participants to improve study skills
  • Establishing positive support systems and networks, and problem solving techniques/methods
  • Incorporating culture-based education by means of place, resources, staff, projects, standards and curriculum
  • Providing test preparation activities for youth participants
  • Providing measurements and evaluation

Race-Ethnicity of Classroom Teachers in Public School in Hawai‘i: SY 2011-2012

Race-Ethnicity of Classroom Students in Public School in Hawai‘i: SY 2011-2012

Mathematics Proficiency by Community Poverty Level: SY 2011-12

Native Hawaiian/Non-Hawaiian Students in Public School by Grade Level: SY 2011-12

Hawaiian-Focused Charter School Enrollment SY 2013-14

OHA funding supports more than 4,000 students at 17 Hawaiian-Focused Charter Schools located on the islands of Kaua'i, O'ahu, Moloka'i, and Hawai'i Island. This annual support covers various school costs. Hawaiian-Focused Charter Schools educational philosophy is dedicated to perpetuating Hawai‘i’s language, culture and traditions. The process helps the native learning communities honor the past, address the present and serve the future.


Native Hawaiian: For students enrolled in the public school system, race is based on the student’s enrollment application which is completed by the parent/guardian of each student. The Student Enrollment Form SIS-10W includes Native Hawaiian as a category under Race Information (OHA, 2012; DOE, 2012a).

Hawai’i State Assessment (HSA): The Hawai’i Standard Assessment (HSA) in reading and math is administered to Department of Education (DOE) public school students enrolled in grades 3 – 8 and 10; science assessments are also administered to students enrolled in grades 4 and 8. Each assessment is approximately two hours long, and is taken between mid-October and mid-May. The amount of tests administered and their dates are determined by the student’s school. Students may take each assessment up to three times, with only the highest score kept for official record. Scores are categorized into four proficiency levels (Exceeds Proficiency, Meets Proficiency, Approaches Proficiency and Well-Below Proficiency). Proficiency is defined as those students scoring within the Exceeds and Meets Proficiency ranges (DOE, 2012c).


DOE, 2013; DOE, 2011a; DOE, 2011b; RTTT, 2010.

Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA). (2012). Native Hawaiian Data Book 2011. Retrieved on 09/28/12 from http://www.ohadatabook.com/DB2011.html

Hawaiʻi Department of Education (DOE). (2011a). Student Assessment Section (SAS). HSAP 2011Statewide Disaggregation Group Summary. Retrieved on 09/12/2012 from http:// sas.sao.k12.hi.us/STATE/SAO/SASWebsite.nsf/By+Category/85D57FAB58F91C210A25763600046705?OpenDocument

Hawaiʻi Department of Education (DOE). (2011b). Student Assessment Section (SAS). HSA - Hawaiʻi State Assessment. Retrieved on 04/05/2013 from http://sas.sao.k12.hi.us/STATE/SAO/SASWebsite.nsf/5cd7399be90745468a256c2c006ee384/74ad3443effa4fdf0a257634000656f?OpenDocument

Hawaiʻi Department of Education (DOE). (2012a). Forms. Student Enrollment Form SIS-10W.Retrieved on 10/01/2012 from http://sp.k12.hi.us/pdf/DOE%20SIS-10W.pdfHawaiʻi

Department of Education (DOE). (2012b). Student Assessment Section (SAS). HSAP 2012 Statewide Disaggregation Group Summary. Retrieved on 09/12/2012 from http://sas.sao.k12.hi.us/STATE/SAO/SASWebsite.nsf/By+Category/85D57FAB58F91C210A257763600046705?OpenDocument

Hawaiʻi Department of Education (DOE). (2012c). Hawaiʻi State Assessments (HSA). Hawaiʻi State Assessments Online Parent Information Booklet. Retrieved on 04/05/2013 from http://www.alohahsap.org/HSA/resources/ParentInformationBooklets/2012-13_OnlinePIB_English.pdf

Hawaiʻi Race to the Top Application (RTTT). (2010). Phase 2 appendix. Retrieved on06/20/12 from http://www2.ed.gov/programs/racetothetop/phase2-applications/appendixes/hawaii.pdf

Kamehameha Schools (2014). Ka Huaka'i: 2014. Honolulu, HI: Kamehameha Publishing.

Kanu o ka ʻĀina Learning ʻOhana (KALO) (2013). Enrollment Rates

OHA Research Disclaimer. The data presented have been vetted for accuracy; however, there is no warranty that it is error-free. The data itself does not represent or confer any legal rights of any kind. Please use suggested citation and report discrepancies to the OHA Research Division.


OHA Education Indicator Sheets, State Assessment 2014

OHA Education Indicator Sheets, State Assessment 2012

For more interesting data relating to Hoʻonaʻauao, Education, please see the OHA Native Hawaiian Data Book.