During the Demonstration Phase a variety of place-based initiatives and models for integrated government and community emerged. Many projects involve active involvement of community members who worked to restore part of an ecosystem and began to monitor and watch that ecosystem. As projects continue forward and results are seen, they attract additional interest and resources.
Benchmark - Where we are now
- The Demonstration Phase yielded over a dozen examples of place-based community projects and stewardship: the Office of Planning Coastal Zone Management (OP-CZM) Program financially supported and provided technical assistance to the following projects that are outlined in Appendix E: Heʻeia Kea (Oʻahu), Ala Wai Watershed Project (O‘ahu), Hanalei (Kauaʻi), Honuʻapo Estuary (Hawaiʻi Island), Hilo Bay (Hawaiʻi Island), Puʻu O Umi Natural Reserve and Kohala Natural Reserve (Hawaiʻi Island), Maunalua Bay (Oʻahu), West Maui Ridge to Reef Initiative, and West Maui Watershed (Maui). Lessons learned from communities could be posted as references for others.
- The agencies recognize that in areas where people still use traditional practices, there are frequent conflicts, especially over access.
- Modern day application of ahupuaʻa management is no longer strictly practiced, although there are attempts at restoring this practice in several locations. Conversations about restoring this practice began in earnest with the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council (WPRFMC) puwalu series, which was initiated statewide in August 2006. These workshops focused on engaging the Native Hawaiian community in a dialogue to inform the WPRFMC Fisheries Ecosystem Management Plans for Hawaiʻi.
Target - Where we would like to be
- Established place-based projects are supported to continue their work in ocean resource management. Where applicable, they are assisted in navigating the permit process associated with their restoration efforts, and in developing Best Management Practices (BMP's) for restoration work through information and expertise sharing.
- Additional projects are identified by working with the community and supported in their efforts.
Increase in number of CBSFA rule packages adopted by the Board of Land and Natural Resources (BLNR)
A Community Based Subsistence Fishing Area (CBSFA) is a type of marine managed area established by State law for the specific purpose of “reaffirming and protecting fishing practices customarily and traditionally exercised for purposes of native Hawaiian subsistence, culture, and religion” (Hawai‘i Administrative Rules §188-22.6). The Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR) Division of Conservation and Resources Enforcement (DOCARE) is responsible for enforcement of rules that are adopted for the CBSFA. DOCARE will patrol the area and respond to reported violations as time and resources allow. In addition, DLNR will provide training to community volunteers and any interested persons on how to properly observe, document, and report violations.
In 2015, Governor Ige signed into law the first rule package for a CBSFA in the state, in the waters off Hā‘ena, Kaua‘i. The Hā‘ena CBSFA includes the waters and submerged lands from the shoreline to a distance of one mile off the northwestern coast of Kaua‘i, bounded by a straight line extending seaward at the boundary between Hā‘ena State Park and Nā Pali State Park, and a straight line extending seaward at the boundary between Hā‘ena and Wainiha. As of 2017, a designation proposal has been submitted for the state's second CBSFA rule package for Mo`omomi and the North Coast of Molokai.
Agency: Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Aquatic Resources
Establish and fund a permanent state position for a CBSFA Coordinator
Establish and fund a permanent state position for a Makai Watch Coordinator
The State of Hawai`i Makai Watch Program is a collaborative, statewide program where citizens and NGOs become directly involved with the Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), in the management of marine resources through promoting compliance to rules, education, and monitoring. In 2015, a permanent position for Makai Watch Coordinator was also established, and was funded at 50% FTE for CY2016 & 2017. Funding for the State Makai Watch program and coordinator has been supported by grants provided by the Conservation International and the Harold K. Castle Foundation. With the official recognition of the Makai Watch program by the DLNR in 2014, the DOCARE will include the State Makai Watch Coordinator position in their budget request to institutionalize the position within DLNR-DOCARE. Individual site programs can apply for grants and funding and receive letters of support from relevant agencies within DLNR.
Agency: Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Conservation and Resources Enforcement