The National Ocean Policy (NOP) was created in 2010 by President’s Executive Order 13547, which was based on the Final Recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force (IOPTF). The NOP creates a framework for collaboration to enhance the country’s ability to maintain healthy, resilient, and sustainable oceans, coast and Great Lakes resources. The framework developed calls for nine regional planning bodies (RPB). Hawai‘i is a member of the Pacific Island Regional Planning Body (PIRPB).The framework also supports regional ocean partnership initiatives. The State is a member of the Pacific Regional Ocean Partnership (PROP) and is recognized as a sub-region of the Pacific Islands Region. The Ocean Resources Management Plan (ORMP) is the sub-region's resource management plan.
One objective of the NOP is to improve spatial information on the condition of the oceans. This information is meant to aid the development of public policy and decision making. The goal of the PIRPB is to complete a coastal and marine spatial plan for the Pacific Islands Region. The state also desires to develop a coastal and marine spatial tool, a mapping tool that is Geographic Information System (GIS) based and tied to the state’s GIS system. In the long term, the State will develop a coastal and marine plan for Hawai‘i.
Benchmark - Where we are now
- PROP was formed in 2012 and a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) to formalize working relationships was signed in August 2012. Members include: State of Hawaiʻi, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam, and American Samoa. The PROP highlights the importance of gathering rights, cultural sensitivities, and unique island geographies in the management of ocean resources.
- The State of Hawaiʻi currently convenes two inter-agency (federal, state, and county) groups for the purposes of coordinating ocean resource management. These groups formed in 2007 and are referred to as the ORMP Policy and Working Groups. These groups have been meeting regularly (Policy Group, twice a year; Working Group, monthly) since their creation. Both groups have partnered to accomplish a number of items, most recently developing a framework for climate change adaptation, which led to the passage of Act 286 in 2012 - the State's Climate Change Adaptation Policy. This policy adds climate change adaptation as a priority guideline to Part III of the Hawaiʻi State Planning Act, Hawaiʻi Revised Statutes (HRS) Chapter 226.
- The Department of Health (DOH) is working on developing Administrative Rules for the greenhouse gas bill.
- The State of Hawaiʻi has initiated a project to establish the Hawaiʻi Sub-ROP. Once formalized, the Hawaiʻi Sub-ROP will strengthen the partnerships created by the ORMP Policy and Working Groups. The group will also examine possible collaborative governance structures that the Hawaiʻi Sub-ROP will adopt. It is anticipated that the Hawaiʻi Sub-ROP will be established by June 2014.
- The PIRPB, along with the other eight regional planning bodies nationwide, was formed to address coastal and marine spatial planning at a regional level. The State of Hawaiʻi, represented by the Office of Planning (OP) and the Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), is a member of the PIRPB, which was officially established in April 2013.
Target - Where we would like to be
- Regional priorities are coordinated with and contribute to PROP objectives.
- Hawai‘i Sub-ROP formalizes and provides structure to existing partnerships.
- A coastal and marine spatial tool within the State of Hawai‘i, for use by state and county agencies and the public, is operational.
- A coastal and marine plan for the State of Hawaiʻi (similar to Oregon's Territorial Sea Plan or Rhode Island's Special Area Management Plan (SAMP)) is developed.