The science and information on the ocean ecosystems and climate change are rapidly changing. Data collection and monitoring both yield new information. Institutional responsibilities, rules, and regulations need to be understood by state and county agency staff so that they can make informed decisions. While networking such as in the Ocean Resources Management Plan (ORMP) Working Group provides a valuable exchange of knowledge, there is a need for a more systematic way for staff to receive basic and advanced training.
Benchmark - Where we are now
- There are strong community partnerships in place, for example with the Hawai‘i Conservation Alliance, Mālama Maunalua, Koke‘e Resource Conservation Program, Hanalei Bay Watershed Alliance, Coral Reef Alliance, and others form an excellent foundation for citizen stewardship. Many of these have public awareness and education as a core function.
- There is no organized systematic program for in-service training in the sciences of ocean resource management and climate change. State and county planners and officials ask for training in the science, law, and good management practices for climate change and other topics.
- Community groups on all islands have expressed a desire to involve youth in both ocean resources management and in preserving the ocean’s cultural heritage.
Target - Where we would like to be
- State and county agency staff are offered classes in environmental literacy and in advanced environmental science. A regulatory and science-based curriculum, that provides knowledge for increasingly technical duties of the staff agencies, enhances communication between government and the public. This curriculum may be developed through public-private-non-profit partnerships.
- As government agency personnel are trained, public education and outreach materials and programs are developed and implemented. These outreach materials reduce the number of requests that have to be denied while propagating a wider understanding and appreciation for new regulations.
- Community outreach includes spreading awareness of Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS) and their app-based system for ocean water quality monitoring and alert system.
- There is expanded awareness of the Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR) Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR) and Coral Reef Alliance web database for Herbivore Enhancement Area Surveys.
- Youth are involved in ocean resource management including at the school level.
Increase in number of community outreach and awareness events held and/or participants reached
Inclusion of Hawai‘i marine resource module as part of required boater education certification requirement
DLNR, and its subdivision the Division of Boating and Ocean Recreation (DOBOR), are the agencies in Hawaiʻi that oversee and regulate the recreational boating program in Hawaiʻi. In October 2016, DLNR-DOBOR published an Instructor Manual for Hawaiʻi Boating Law Basics: State Specific Boating Rules and Regulations for Hawaiʻi, which includes several sections on Marine Resources, entitled: including Waste, Oil, and Garbage Disposal, Ocean Recreation Management Areas, Protecting the Resource (Day Use Moorings), Protection of Marine Species, and Marine Debris is Everybody's Problem. The manual is used by instructors to educate boaters and is meant to be combined with and compliment a boating safety course approved by the National Association of Boating Law Administrators (NASBLA). The combination of these two courses are compliant with the Hawaiʻi Mandatory Education Rule (Hawaiʻi Administrative Rules (HAR) § 12-244-15.5), which has been enforced as of November 2014.
In 2016, the Ike Kai curriculum for DOBOR was released. The Ike Kai training manual is intended for use by operators in the commercial and tourism industries. The curriculum was piloted with Manta Tour Operators, County Lifeguards, Ka`anapali Hotels and Commercial Operators, as well as Hanalei Paddlers to discuss DOBOR rules, regulated activities, and Ocean Recreation Management Areas. The Ike Kai curriculum is available for review online. For more information on mandatory boater information, visit DLNR DOBOR's Website.
Agency: Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Boating and Ocean Recreation
Images: DLNR DOBOR Ike Kai Curriculum
Title Image: M.Lander